Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are a major public health challenge in India, with NCDs such as cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, and chronic respiratory diseases accounting for more than 60% of all deaths in the country. The high burden of NCDs in India is largely due to the country’s rapid transition to a more industrialized and urbanized society. This transition has led to significant changes in lifestyle and diet, with increased consumption of unhealthy foods high in salt, sugar, and saturated fats, and decreased levels of physical activity. The rising prevalence of NCDs in India is also due to the increased risk factors associated with these diseases, such as tobacco use, alcohol consumption, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity. Tobacco use alone is responsible for nearly 1 in 5 deaths in India, and the country has one of the highest rates of tobacco use in the world. The economic impact of NCDs in India is significant, as the healthcare costs associated with these diseases place a significant burden on individuals, families, and the healthcare system as a whole. NCDs also have a negative impact on productivity, as they often result in absenteeism from work and reduced productivity among those who are able to continue working.